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General information about Azerbaijan

 

Official name:

  • Republic of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan Respublikası)

Area:

  • 86,600 km2

Capital:

  • Baku (approx. 3.5 million inhabitants)

Neighboring countries:

  • Russia
  • Georgia
  • Armenia
  • Iran
  • Turkey

Big cities:

  • Ganja (450,000 inhabitants)
  • Sumgait (318,000 inhabitants)
  • Mingetchewir (100,000 inhabitants)
  • Nakhtchiwan (86,400 inhabitants)
  • Shirvan (80,000 inhabitants)

Population:

 

  • 9 million inhabitants (2010)
  • Population density 97.4
  • Life expectancy men: 69.5 years
  • Life expectancy women: 75.1 years.

Religion: 

  • about 93% of the inhabitants of the country have an Islamic background
  • In Azerbaijan live between 25,000-30,000 Jews
  • Azerbaijan has a high tolerance for other faiths
  • Religion and state are separate in Azerbaijan

Official Language:

  • Azerbaijani (a Turkic language), which has adopted the Latin script in 1992.

Government:

  • Republic presidential democracy with unicameral parliament.

Head of state:

  • President Ilham Aliyev was elected on 15th October 2003 for 5 years and re-elected in 2008.

Parliament:

  • Milli Majlis (National Assembly), on the 7th November 2010 unicameral parliament was elected for 5 years with 125 seats; electoral system

Membership in international organizations:

  • UN
  • Euro Europe
  • OSCE
  • IMF
  • World Bank
  • ODWE-GUAM Organization of the Islamic Conference
  • The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
  • Black Sea Cooperation Council
  • ECO (Central and West Asian Organization for Economic cooperation)
  • CIS, euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC)
  • Partnership for Peace (PfP)
  • The European Neighborhood Policy

Currency:

  • New Azerbaijani Manat (AZN)

Industry:

  • Oil processing
  • Machinery
  • Chemical industry
  • Textile industry
  • Food industry
  • Metallurgical industry
  • Aluminum industry

Agriculture:

  • Agriculture is the second largest industry
  • Cotton, wine, sericulture, fruit and grain farming, vegetables, fruits, rice, tea, tobacco, sheep and cattle breeding complete the agricultural production
  • With the land reform and the privatization program, almost all farms and agricultural land went into private hands

Natural resources:

  • Petroleum
  • Natural gas
  • Iron
  • Gold
  • Zinc
  • Copper
  • Molybdenum
  • Marble

International dialing code

  • +994